BREXIT with withdrawal Agreement
Should the United Kingdom exit the EU with a withdrawal agreement, then:
The provisions of Regulations 883/2004 and 987/2009 on the coordination of social security systems will continue to apply until the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020.
This means that the rules and the procedures for determining the applicable legislation (which Member State’s social security legislation an individual is subject to) will continue to apply during the transitional period.
Periods of insurance, employment, self-employment or residence and facts and events in the United Kingdom that took place before the date the United Kingdom left the EU as those that took place during the transitional period until 31 December 2020 shall be taken into consideration for the purpose of acquiring entitlement to a benefit.
The exportation of short-term benefits (illness, maternity, paternity, unemployment, employment injury) to the United Kingdom will continue for cases with date of entitlement before the end of the transitional period until the end of the transitional period.
The exportation of pensions (widows, statutory pension, and invalidity pension) in the UK will continue in all cases even after the end of the transitional period.
Withdrawal of the United Kingdom without Withdrawal Agreement
From the date of exit from the EU the United Kingdom becomes a third country without any transitional period in effect. Thus, from that date on the provisions of Regulations 883/2004 and 987/2009 for the coordination of social security systems will no longer apply.
To safeguard the rights of citizens acquired until that date, the EU is adopting contingency measures in the field of social security coordination.
According to measures the Member States shall take into consideration only periods of insurance, employment, self-employment, and facts or events that occurred in the United Kingdom before the date of exit from the EU for the purpose of entitlement to a benefit even for cases with date of entitlement after the above date.
Pensions will continue to be exported to the United Kingdom after the exit date without restrictions. In contrast, short-term benefits (sickness, unemployment, maternity, paternity) will not be exported after the above date.
Regarding applicable legislation, the posting of persons from the United Kingdom to Cyprus will be terminated on the exit date from the EU. As of that date the United Kingdom becomes a third country and the Treaties of the European Union and therefore Regulations 883/2004 and 987/2009 shall cease to apply. As a result, as of that date the above mentioned persons should be subject to the Cyprus Social Insurance legislation.
The posting of persons from Cyprus to the United Kingdom will also be terminated as of the exit date and such persons will be subject to the UK social insurance legislation.